Description of Challengefood security, nutrition, sustainable agriculture, permaculture
Designing a food forest as a sustainable form of agriculture and food production, while preserving water and rehabilitating the soil, by imitating the natural eco-systems of the forest.
There are successful experiences around the world in designing agricultural systems as an imitation of natural eco-systems.
The idea is simple yet elegant: by implementing ecological principles in agriculture, we can design a system that functions sustainably like a natural eco-system, and at the same time yields products that are useful for humans, like an agricultural system.
Some main characteristics of a food forests are:
* High level and a variety of production of food, fiber, animal feed, fertilizing material, medicinal plants and more.
* Preserving a diversity of species.
* Capacity for regeneration, self-fertilizing and self-maintenance.
* High resistance to drought, disease and pests.
* Aesthetic value: a diverse and rich environment with natural aesthetics.
These characteristics make food forests one of the most useful and sustainable strategies for producing food, while preserving water and rehabilitating the soil.